Add Desktop to Ubuntu Server 14.04: A Comprehensive Guide πŸ–₯️

Introduction πŸŒ…

Welcome to our guide on how to add desktop to Ubuntu Server 14.04. Ubuntu Server comes with a minimal interface, which is great for running headless servers or servers without a graphical interface. However, sometimes it is necessary to have a desktop environment installed on a server to run some applications or perform certain tasks. In this guide, we will show you step by step how to add a desktop to your Ubuntu Server 14.04.

What is Ubuntu Server 14.04? πŸ€”

Ubuntu Server is a powerful and reliable operating system for servers, providing a secure and stable platform for running various applications and services. Ubuntu Server 14.04 is an LTS (Long-Term Support) version of Ubuntu Server, which means it is supported with security updates and bug fixes for five years.

Why Install a Desktop on Ubuntu Server 14.04? πŸ’»

Though Ubuntu Server 14.04 is designed to run without a GUI (Graphical User Interface), there are some cases where having a desktop installed can be beneficial. Here are some examples:

  • You want to install software that requires a GUI to run.
  • You want to use the server as a remote workstation.
  • You want to manage the server through a graphical interface.

Prerequisites πŸ› οΈ

Before we begin, here are some prerequisites you need to have:

  • An Ubuntu Server 14.04 installed on your system.
  • A user account with sudo privileges.
  • A stable internet connection.

Let’s Get Started! πŸš€

How to Add Desktop to Ubuntu Server 14.04 πŸ–₯️

Step 1: Update the System πŸ”§

The first step is to update your Ubuntu server with the latest packages and security patches. This ensures that you have all the latest features and fixes, and your system is secure from any threats. First, open Terminal on your Ubuntu Server and type in the following command:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

This command will update the package list and install any available package updates.

Step 2: Install Ubuntu Desktop Environment πŸ’»

Now that the system is updated, we can start installing the desktop environment on Ubuntu Server 14.04.

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop

This command installs the entire Ubuntu desktop environment, including all the necessary packages, such as the Unity desktop environment, the default Ubuntu theme, and some essential programs such as LibreOffice, GIMP, and Firefox.

Step 3: Install VNC Server πŸ–₯️

After you’ve installed the Ubuntu desktop environment, you’ll need to install a Virtual Network Computing (VNC) server, which allows you to access the desktop environment remotely.

sudo apt-get install vnc4server

This command installs the vnc4server package, which is the latest version of the VNC server.

Step 4: Configure VNC Server πŸ”§

Once the VNC server is installed, we need to configure it to use the Ubuntu desktop environment.

vncserver

This command will create a new VNC server configuration file for us. It will ask you to set a VNC password, which you will need to enter when you connect to the server.

Step 5: Start the VNC Server πŸš€

Now that the VNC server is configured, we can start it by running the following command:

vncserver :1

This command starts a VNC server on the default port 5901. If you want to use a different port, you can specify it by adding it to the end of the command. For example:

vncserver :1 -geometry 1024×768 -depth 24

This command starts a VNC server on port 5901 with a resolution of 1024×768 and a color depth of 24 bits.

Step 6: Connect to the VNC Server from a Remote Desktop πŸ’»

Now that the VNC server is running, we can connect to it from another computer using a VNC client. To connect to the VNC server, you will need to use a VNC client. There are many VNC clients available, but we recommend using RealVNC or TightVNC, which are easy to use and reliable.Once you have installed the client, enter the IP address of your Ubuntu server and the port number of your VNC server (5901 by default). It will prompt you to enter the password you set earlier.

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Step 7: Enjoy Your Ubuntu Desktop Environment πŸŽ‰

Congratulations! You have successfully added a desktop environment to your Ubuntu Server 14.04.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Adding Desktop to Ubuntu Server 14.04 πŸ€”

Advantages πŸ‘

  • You can install and run GUI-based applications.
  • You can use your server as a remote workstation.
  • You can manage your server through a graphical interface.
  • You can use the Ubuntu desktop environment, which is user-friendly and familiar for many users.

Disadvantages πŸ‘Ž

  • Adding a desktop to your server can increase its resource usage, which can affect its performance.
  • Running a desktop on a server can also pose security risks if it’s not configured properly.
  • You may need to spend some time learning how to use the desktop environment and configuring it properly.

Complete Information About Adding Desktop to Ubuntu Server 14.04 πŸ“‹

Command
Description
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
Updates system packages and fixes security vulnerabilities.
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop
Installs the entire Ubuntu desktop environment on your server.
sudo apt-get install vnc4server
Installs the VNC server on your server.
vncserver
Creates a new VNC configuration file and sets up a VNC password.
vncserver :1
Starts the VNC server on port 5901.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) ❓

1. What is Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS?

Ubuntu Server 14.04 is a Long-Term Support (LTS) version of the Ubuntu Server, which means it is supported with security updates and bug fixes for five years.

2. What is a desktop environment?

A desktop environment is a graphical user interface (GUI) that allows users to interact with the operating system and applications using icons, menus, and windows.

3. What is Virtual Network Computing (VNC)?

VNC is a remote desktop protocol that allows users to access a graphical desktop environment remotely.

4. Why do I need to install a VNC server?

You need to install a VNC server to access the Ubuntu desktop environment remotely from another computer.

5. What are the benefits of adding a desktop environment to Ubuntu Server 14.04?

Adding a desktop environment to Ubuntu Server 14.04 allows you to install and run GUI-based applications, use your server as a remote workstation, and manage your server through a graphical interface.

6. What are the disadvantages of adding a desktop environment to Ubuntu Server 14.04?

Adding a desktop environment to Ubuntu Server 14.04 can increase its resource usage, pose security risks if it’s not configured properly, and require you to spend some time learning how to use and configure the desktop environment.

7. Can I uninstall the desktop environment from Ubuntu Server 14.04?

Yes, you can uninstall the desktop environment by running the following command:

sudo apt-get remove ubuntu-desktop

8. What happens if I don’t set a VNC password?

If you don’t set a VNC password, anyone can access your Ubuntu desktop environment remotely, which can pose a security risk.

9. Can I use a different VNC server instead of vnc4server?

Yes, you can use a different VNC server, such as TightVNC or RealVNC, which are more user-friendly and feature-rich.

10. How do I change the resolution of the VNC server?

You can change the resolution of the VNC server by adding the -geometry option to the vncserver command, followed by the desired resolution. For example:

vncserver :1 -geometry 1024×768

11. Can I use SSH to connect to my VNC server?

Yes, you can use SSH to tunnel your VNC server’s traffic through an encrypted SSH connection, which adds an extra layer of security.

12. Can I use my Windows computer to connect to the VNC server?

Yes, you can use a VNC client for Windows, such as RealVNC or TightVNC, to connect to the VNC server.

13. How do I stop the VNC server?

You can stop the VNC server by running the following command:

vncserver -kill :1

This command stops the VNC server on display :1.

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Conclusion πŸŽ“

In conclusion, adding a desktop environment to your Ubuntu Server 14.04 can be useful in various situations. However, it can also pose security risks and affect performance if not configured properly. We hope this guide has provided you with a comprehensive understanding of how to add a desktop to your Ubuntu Server 14.04.

Take Action Today and Enjoy Your Ubuntu Desktop Environment! πŸš€

So what are you waiting for? Follow the steps in this guide, and you’ll be running your Ubuntu Server 14.04 with a desktop environment in no time!

Closing / Disclaimer πŸ”’

This guide is provided for informational purposes only, and we are not responsible for any damage or loss that may occur as a result of following this guide. Always exercise caution when making changes to your system, and back up your data before proceeding.

Video:Add Desktop to Ubuntu Server 14.04: A Comprehensive Guide πŸ–₯️