Hosting A Minecraft Server On Raspberry Pi

Hello Dev, have you ever wanted to create your own Minecraft server at home? Maybe you wanted to play with friends or just have full control over your gaming experience. In this article, we will guide you through the process of hosting a Minecraft server on a Raspberry Pi.

What Is A Raspberry Pi?

A Raspberry Pi is a small computer that can fit in the palm of your hand. It was created with the intention of teaching people how to code and make their own electronics projects. It is low-cost and extremely versatile, making it a great option for hosting a Minecraft server.

What Are The Specs Of A Raspberry Pi?

Raspberry Pi Zero
1GHz ARM11
Raspberry Pi 4 Model B
1.5GHz quad-core ARM Cortex-A72

As you can see from the table above, there are different models of Raspberry Pi with varying specs. The Raspberry Pi 4 Model B is the most powerful option and the one we recommend for hosting a Minecraft server. It has a quad-core CPU and up to 8GB of RAM.

What Do You Need To Host A Minecraft Server On Raspberry Pi?


Aside from a Raspberry Pi, you will also need a microSD card, a power supply, and an ethernet cable. The microSD card will be used to store the operating system and Minecraft server files.


You will need to install Raspbian, which is a free operating system designed for Raspberry Pi. You will also need to download and install the Minecraft server software.

How To Set Up A Minecraft Server On Raspberry Pi

Step 1: Install Raspbian

To install Raspbian, you can follow the official guide on the Raspberry Pi website. Once you have installed Raspbian, make sure to update it by opening the terminal and running the following commands:

sudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get upgrade

Step 2: Install Java

Minecraft server software requires Java to run, so you will need to install it on your Raspberry Pi. You can do this by running the following commands in the terminal:

sudo apt-get install default-jdkjava -version

The second command will verify that Java has been installed correctly.

Step 3: Download The Minecraft Server Software

You can download the Minecraft server software from the official Minecraft website. Make sure to choose the version that matches your game client.

Step 4: Configure The Server

Before you can start the server, you will need to configure some settings. Open the file with a text editor and make changes according to your preferences. You can set the server name, game mode, difficulty, and more.

Step 5: Start The Server

To start the server, navigate to the directory where you downloaded the Minecraft server software and run the following command:

java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar minecraft_server.jar nogui

This will start the server with 1GB of RAM allocated to it. You can modify these values according to your Raspberry Pi’s specs.

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Can I Host A Minecraft Server On A Raspberry Pi Zero?

Yes, you can host a Minecraft server on a Raspberry Pi Zero. However, it will be severely limited in terms of performance and number of players. We recommend using a Raspberry Pi 4 Model B for the best experience.

Can I Access The Minecraft Server Remotely?

Yes, you can access the Minecraft server remotely using the server’s IP and port number. Make sure to port forward on your router to allow external connections.

Can I Run Other Programs On The Raspberry Pi While Hosting A Minecraft Server?

Yes, you can run other programs on the Raspberry Pi while hosting a Minecraft server. However, keep in mind that it may affect performance and cause lag for players.

How Many Players Can The Raspberry Pi Minecraft Server Handle?

The number of players a Raspberry Pi Minecraft server can handle depends on its specs and the server settings. A Raspberry Pi 4 Model B with 8GB of RAM can handle up to 10-15 players.

In conclusion, hosting a Minecraft server on a Raspberry Pi is a fun and educational project that can also save you money in the long run. With the right hardware and software, you can create your own gaming server at home and enjoy playing with friends.