Hosting a Website on Ubuntu Server – A Beginner’s Guide for Dev

Greetings Dev! Are you planning to host your website on an Ubuntu server? If yes, then you are in the right place. This guide will help you understand the process of hosting a website on the Ubuntu server with ease. Whether you are a developer, a small business owner, or someone who wants to learn about website hosting, this guide is for you. Let’s get started!

What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is an open-source operating system based on the Linux kernel. It is widely used for server hosting, cloud computing, and desktop computing. Ubuntu server is a popular choice for hosting websites due to its stability, security, and ease of use. You can download and use Ubuntu for free, and it comes with a vast collection of software packages that you can install with just a few clicks.

Advantages of using Ubuntu for hosting a website

Ubuntu offers several advantages when it comes to hosting a website. Here are some of them:

Ubuntu is known for its high stability and reliability, which makes it a perfect choice for hosting critical applications.
Ubuntu comes with built-in security features that help protect your website from cyber threats.
Easy to use
Ubuntu has a user-friendly interface that makes it easy for beginners to navigate and use.
Ubuntu can be customized to meet your specific needs, and it supports a vast range of software packages that you can install with ease.

Setting up an Ubuntu server

Before you can host your website on an Ubuntu server, you need to set it up first. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to do this:

Step 1: Download Ubuntu Server ISO

The first step is to download the Ubuntu server ISO file from the official website. Make sure to download the correct version depending on your hardware architecture. Once downloaded, you can burn the ISO file to a USB or DVD using software like Rufus or Etcher.

Step 2: Install Ubuntu Server

Insert the Ubuntu Server USB or DVD into your computer and boot from it. You will see the Ubuntu installer screen, which will guide you through the installation process. Choose the language, time zone, and keyboard layout that you want to use, and follow the instructions.

Step 3: Configure the network settings

During the installation process, you will be prompted to configure the network settings. Make sure to assign a static IP address to your server, as this will make it easier to access it remotely. You can also configure the DNS settings and hostname at this stage.

Step 4: Install necessary software packages

Once the installation is complete, you need to install the necessary software packages to host your website. This includes a web server, database server, and PHP interpreter. You can install these packages using the following commands:

Install Apache web server

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install apache2

Install MySQL or MariaDB database server

sudo apt-get install mysql-server

Install PHP interpreter

sudo apt-get install php libapache2-mod-php php-mysql

Step 5: Configure the web server

Once the necessary software packages are installed, you need to configure the web server. This includes setting up virtual hosts, configuring SSL certificates, and enabling the necessary modules. You can do this by editing the Apache configuration files located in /etc/apache2/.

Uploading your website files

Now that your Ubuntu server is set up and configured, you can upload your website files to the server. There are several ways to do this, including using FTP or a file manager like FileZilla. Once you have uploaded your website files, make sure to set the correct file permissions so that the web server can access them.

READ ALSO  Bitbucket Server Hosting: Everything Dev Needs to Know

FAQ: Common questions and answers

What is the best hosting platform for a small website?
Ubuntu server is a great choice for hosting a small website due to its stability, security, and ease of use.
How much does it cost to host a website on an Ubuntu server?
You can host a website on an Ubuntu server for free if you have the necessary hardware or use a cloud hosting service. However, you may need to pay for additional services like domain registration and SSL certificates.
Can I host multiple websites on an Ubuntu server?
Yes, you can host multiple websites on an Ubuntu server by using virtual hosts.
How can I monitor the performance of my website on an Ubuntu server?
You can use various tools like Apache JMeter, New Relic, or Google Analytics to monitor the performance of your website on an Ubuntu server.


Hosting a website on an Ubuntu server may seem daunting at first, but it is actually quite easy once you get the hang of it. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can set up and configure an Ubuntu server for hosting your website in no time. If you encounter any issues or have any questions, don’t hesitate to ask for help from the Ubuntu community or seek professional support.