How to Host Vanilla Minecraft Server: A Comprehensive Guide for Devs

Greetings Dev! If you’re looking for a step-by-step guide on how to host your own vanilla Minecraft server, you’ve come to the right place. This article will provide you with all the necessary information to get your server running smoothly and efficiently, as well as answering frequently asked questions and providing helpful tips along the way.

Step 1: Download the Minecraft Server Software

The first step in hosting your own vanilla Minecraft server is to download the server software. This can be done directly from the official Minecraft website. Make sure to download the latest version to ensure compatibility with the latest Minecraft updates.

Once the software has been downloaded, it’s time to extract the files and set up your server environment. This can be done using a variety of methods, including using an FTP client or hosting service. For the purposes of this guide, we’ll be using a basic file transfer method.

Step 1.1: Extract the Server Software

To extract the server software, you can use a program such as WinRAR or 7-Zip. Locate the downloaded file on your computer and right-click on it. Select “Extract Here” or “Extract Files” to extract the files to a folder on your computer.

Once the files have been extracted, you’ll see a number of folders and files, including the server jar file, a readme file, and other important configuration files.

Step 1.2: Set Up Your Server Environment

Before you can start your server, you’ll need to set up your server environment. This involves creating a new folder on your computer where you’ll store all of the necessary files for your server. This folder can be located anywhere on your computer, but it’s recommended to place it in an easily accessible location.

Once you’ve created your folder, you’ll need to move the extracted server files into it. This includes the server jar file, the readme file, and any other configuration files you wish to use.

With your server environment set up, you’re now ready to start your Minecraft server for the first time.

Step 2: Start Your Minecraft Server

Starting your Minecraft server is easy. All you need to do is run the server jar file from the command prompt or terminal window on your computer. Before doing this, however, there are a few important configuration settings you’ll need to consider.

Step 2.1: Configure Your Server Settings

Before starting your server, you’ll need to configure a few important settings to ensure it runs smoothly. These include the server port, the server IP address, and other basic server settings.

To configure these settings, you’ll need to open the server properties file. This can be found in the main folder of your Minecraft server environment. You can open this file using a simple text editor such as Notepad or TextEdit.

Once the server properties file is open, you’ll need to configure the following settings:

The port number your server will listen on. The default is 25565.
The IP address of your server. If you’re hosting on your own computer, use “localhost”.
The default game mode for players joining your server. This can be changed later.

Once you’ve configured these settings to your liking, save the server properties file and close the text editor.

Step 2.2: Start Your Server

With your server settings configured, you’re now ready to start your Minecraft server for the first time. To do this, you’ll need to run the server jar file from the command prompt or terminal window on your computer.

READ ALSO  Everything You Need to Know About Proxy Servers for Dev

Open a new command prompt or terminal window and navigate to the folder where your Minecraft server files are located. Once there, type the following command:

java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar minecraft_server.jar nogui

This command tells Java to run the Minecraft server jar file with specified memory allocation settings and without a graphical user interface (GUI).

Once the server has loaded, you’ll see a series of log messages in the console window. These messages indicate that your server is up and running and ready for players to join.

Step 3: Connect to Your Minecraft Server

Now that your Minecraft server is up and running, it’s time to connect to it and start playing. To do this, you’ll need to know the IP address and port number of your server.

Step 3.1: Find Your Server IP Address

Your server IP address will depend on the network setup you’re using to host your server. If you’re hosting on your own computer, the IP address will be “localhost”. If you’re hosting on a separate computer or server, you’ll need to find the IP address of that computer.

To find your IP address, you can use a variety of methods, including using the command prompt or terminal window. For example, on Windows, you can type “ipconfig” in a command prompt window to see your local IP address. On Mac or Linux, you can type “ifconfig” in a terminal window.

Step 3.2: Connect to Your Server

Once you know your server IP address and port number, you’re ready to connect to your Minecraft server. Open the Minecraft game client and click “Multiplayer” from the main menu. Then click “Add Server” and enter your server information, including the IP address and port number.

Once you’ve added your server, click “Join Server” to connect. If everything was set up correctly, you should now be playing on your own vanilla Minecraft server!


Q1: Can I host a Minecraft server for free?

A: Yes, there are several options for hosting a Minecraft server for free, including using a hosting service or setting up a server on your own computer.

Q2: How much does it cost to host a Minecraft server?

A: The cost of hosting a Minecraft server can vary depending on the hosting service or method you choose. Hosting a server on your own computer can be done for free, while hosting with a hosting service can cost anywhere from a few dollars per month to several hundred dollars per year.

Q3: How many players can join my Minecraft server?

A: This depends on the specifications of your server and the hosting environment you’re using. Most vanilla Minecraft servers can handle anywhere from 20-50 players at a time. However, hosting on a dedicated server or cloud hosting platform can increase this limit.

Q4: How do I install plugins on my Minecraft server?

A: Installing plugins on your Minecraft server can be done using a variety of methods, including using a plugin manager or manually installing the plugin files. The process for installing plugins will depend on the plugin and the server environment you’re using.

Q5: How do I back up my Minecraft server?

A: Backing up your Minecraft server is important to ensure that you don’t lose any important data or progress. This can be done using a variety of methods, including using a plugin, a backup service, or manually copying server files to a separate location.


Congratulations, Dev! You’ve now set up your own vanilla Minecraft server and are ready to start playing with your friends. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you should have a fully functional server that is customized to your liking and ready to host your next Minecraft adventure.