How to Make and Host a Minecraft Server

Welcome, Dev! If you’re a gamer, you’ve probably heard of Minecraft, one of the most popular and beloved sandbox games. But have you ever wanted to create your own Minecraft server?

For some, the idea of creating a server might seem daunting. But with the right tools and a little bit of patience, creating and hosting your own Minecraft server can be an enjoyable experience. In this article, we’ll go over the steps required to make your very own server from scratch.

Step 1: Hardware Requirements

The first thing you’ll need to consider when making a Minecraft server is the hardware requirements. While it is possible to run a Minecraft server on your personal computer, running a dedicated server on a separate machine is recommended for optimal performance.

Here are the minimum hardware requirements:

Minimum Requirement
1 GHz or faster
1 GB or more
At least 20 GB of free space
Internet Connection
Minimum upload speed of 1 Mbps

Having a more powerful machine with higher hardware specifications will result in a smoother and faster gaming experience for you and your friends.

Step 2: Choose the Server Type

There are two types of servers you can choose to create:

Vanilla Server

The vanilla server is the official version of Minecraft which has no modifications or changes. It’s perfect for those who prefer the original Minecraft experience.

Modded Server

A modded server allows you to customize and modify the game, adding new items, blocks, and mechanics. You can also add plugins that enhance the gameplay experience.

It’s important to note that setting up and hosting a modded server requires more technical knowledge than a vanilla server.

Step 3: Download and Install the Server Software

Now that you’ve decided on the server type you want to create, it’s time to download and install the server software.

Vanilla Server

To download the vanilla server software:

  1. Go to the official Minecraft website and click on the “Download server.jar” button.
  2. Save the server.jar file to your dedicated server folder.

Modded Server

If you’re setting up a modded server, you’ll need to download Forge or another mod launcher software compatible with your mods.

To download Forge:

  1. Go to the Forge website.
  2. Select the version of Minecraft you want to install the mods on.
  3. Download the recommended version of Forge.
  4. Save the Forge.jar file to your dedicated server folder.

Step 4: Launch the Server

With the server software downloaded and installed, it’s time to launch the server:

  1. Navigate to your dedicated server folder and open the server.jar or Forge.jar file.
  2. A new window will open, displaying the server console.
  3. Allow the server to complete its initial setup process.

Congratulations! Your server is now up and running.

Step 5: Configure Server Settings

Before players can join your server, you’ll need to configure some basic server settings:

Server Properties

The file contains key settings that can be modified to customize the server experience. Some of the most important settings include:

  • Max Players: Determines the maximum number of players allowed on the server at any given time.
  • Spawn Protection: A setting that prevents players from building or breaking blocks in the spawn area.
  • Difficulty: Sets the difficulty level of the server.
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A whitelist is a setting that allows only selected players to join your server. To create a whitelist:

  1. Open the server console.
  2. Type “whitelist on” to enable the whitelist.
  3. Type “whitelist add [player]” to add players to the list.

Op List

An Op (Operator) is a player with administrative privileges on the server. To add players to the Op list:

  1. Open the server console.
  2. Type “op [player]” to give that player operator status.

Step 6: Invite Players to Join

Your server is now set up and configured, and you’re ready to invite players to join. Share your server IP address and port number with your friends, and they’ll be able to join by entering it in the Minecraft client.


How do I backup my server?

To back up your server, you need to copy the entire server folder and save it in a secure location. You can also use a backup plugin or software to automatically back up your server at regular intervals.

How do I install plugins?

To install plugins, download the plugin file and save it in the “plugins” folder in your server directory. Restart the server to load the plugins.

How do I troubleshoot server issues?

If you experience any issues with your server, first check the server console for error messages. You can also try restarting the server or reinstalling the server software.

Can I play on my own server?

Yes, you can play on your own server by setting up a local server on your personal computer.

How many players can join my server?

The number of players allowed on your server depends on the hardware specifications and bandwidth capabilities of your server. It’s recommended to limit the number of players to ensure optimal performance.

Thanks for reading, Dev! We hope this article has helped you create your very own Minecraft server. Happy gaming!