Install MySQL Server Ubuntu: A Comprehensive Guide

🔍 Find out how to install MySQL server Ubuntu effortlessly and smoothly.

Greetings, dear readers. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about installing MySQL server on Ubuntu.

Introduction

MySQL is an open-source relational database management system that enables storing, organizing, and accessing data. It’s widely used by developers and businesses worldwide to create and manage complex data-driven applications.

Ubuntu is a popular Linux distribution that provides a stable and secure environment for software development. Therefore, installing MySQL on Ubuntu is a common task for many developers. However, it can be a bit tricky if you’re new to Ubuntu or MySQL.

In this comprehensive tutorial, we’ll walk you through the step-by-step process to install MySQL Server on Ubuntu, starting from scratch. We’ll also cover the advantages and disadvantages of MySQL and Ubuntu, as well as some frequently asked questions.

What is MySQL Server?

MySQL Server is a software package that provides a relational database management system. It stores and retrieves data from tables by performing SQL queries. MySQL Server is the most popular open-source database management system that is used for web applications, and it’s free to use.

What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is a popular Linux distribution that provides a stable and secure environment for software development. The Ubuntu operating system is open-source and free to download. It includes many pre-installed tools that developers need for software development.

How to Install MySQL Server on Ubuntu?

We can install MySQL Server on Ubuntu using the apt-get package manager. The steps to install MySQL Server on Ubuntu are as follows:

Step 1: Update Ubuntu

The first step is to update the Ubuntu operating system. To do this, open the terminal and enter the following command:

Command
Description
sudo apt-get update
Updates the package list
sudo apt-get upgrade
Upgrades installed packages

The “sudo” command gives you administrative privileges. The “apt-get update” command updates the package list to the latest version. The “apt-get upgrade” command upgrades the installed packages to the latest version.

Step 2: Install MySQL Server

To install MySQL Server, enter the following command in the terminal:

Command
Description
sudo apt-get install mysql-server
Installs the MySQL server package

During the installation, you’ll be prompted to set a root password. Make sure to set a strong and secure password to protect your MySQL server from unauthorized access.

Step 3: Verify MySQL Server Installation

To verify the installation, enter the following command in the terminal:

Command
Description
mysql –version
Displays the MySQL server version

If the MySQL server is installed correctly, the version number should be displayed in the terminal.

Advantages of MySQL Server and Ubuntu

Advantages of MySQL Server

1. Open-source: MySQL Server is an open-source software, which means it’s free to use and modify. It’s an excellent choice for developers who want to create and deploy applications without worrying about licensing fees.

2. High Performance: MySQL Server is known for its high performance and scalability. It can handle large data sets and high traffic without slowing down the applications.

3. Easy to Learn: MySQL Server is easy to learn and use. It’s based on SQL, which is a standard language for managing relational databases. There are plenty of online resources and tutorials available for beginners to learn MySQL Server.

Advantages of Ubuntu

1. Open-source: Ubuntu is an open-source operating system, which means it’s free to use and modify. It’s an excellent choice for developers who want to create and deploy applications without worrying about licensing fees.

2. Stable and Secure: Ubuntu is known for its stability and security. It’s less prone to crashes and viruses compared to other operating systems. It comes with many security features, such as AppArmor, a Linux kernel security module that protects the system and applications from security threats.

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3. Pre-installed Development Tools: Ubuntu includes many pre-installed development tools that developers need for software development, such as Python, PHP, Apache, and Git.

Disadvantages of MySQL Server and Ubuntu

Disadvantages of MySQL Server

1. No built-in backups: MySQL Server doesn’t have a built-in backup feature, which means you need to use third-party tools to back up the data, such as mysqldump.

2. Limited JSON support: MySQL Server has limited support for JSON data. It can’t handle complex JSON data types and doesn’t have native support for JSON-related functions.

3. Not suitable for large-scale enterprises: MySQL Server is not suitable for large-scale enterprises with complex data needs. It’s better suited for small to medium-sized businesses and web applications.

Disadvantages of Ubuntu

1. Limited commercial support: Ubuntu doesn’t have as much commercial support as other Linux distributions, such as Red Hat and SUSE. This means that businesses may have difficulty finding support for their Ubuntu deployments.

2. Limited application support: Some applications may not be compatible with Ubuntu, which means you may have to find alternative applications or use a different operating system.

3. Limited Desktop Environment: Ubuntu’s default desktop environment, Unity, was discontinued in 2017. The new default desktop environment, GNOME, may not be suitable for some users who are used to Unity or other desktop environments.

FAQs

1. What is the latest version of MySQL Server?

The latest version of MySQL Server is MySQL 8.0.

2. How do I start MySQL Server on Ubuntu?

To start MySQL Server on Ubuntu, enter the following command in the terminal:

Command
Description
sudo systemctl start mysql
Starts the MySQL service

3. How do I stop MySQL Server on Ubuntu?

To stop MySQL Server on Ubuntu, enter the following command in the terminal:

Command
Description
sudo systemctl stop mysql
Stops the MySQL service

4. How do I restart MySQL Server on Ubuntu?

To restart MySQL Server on Ubuntu, enter the following command in the terminal:

Command
Description
sudo systemctl restart mysql
Restarts the MySQL service

5. How do I check if MySQL Server is running on Ubuntu?

To check if MySQL Server is running on Ubuntu, enter the following command in the terminal:

Command
Description
sudo systemctl status mysql
Displays the status of the MySQL service

6. How do I connect to MySQL Server on Ubuntu?

To connect to MySQL Server on Ubuntu, enter the following command in the terminal:

Command
Description
mysql -u root -p
Connects to MySQL Server with the root user

Enter the root password when prompted.

7. How do I create a new user in MySQL Server on Ubuntu?

To create a new user in MySQL Server on Ubuntu, follow these steps:

  1. Connect to MySQL Server using the root user.
  2. Enter the following command in the terminal:
  3. Command
    Description
    CREATE USER ‘username’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘password’;
    Creates a new user with the specified username and password
  4. Grant the necessary privileges to the new user:
  5. Command
    Description
    GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO ‘username’@’localhost’;
    Grants all privileges to the new user
  6. Exit MySQL Server:
  7. Command
    Description
    exit;
    Exits MySQL Server

Conclusion

In conclusion, installing MySQL Server on Ubuntu is an essential task for developers who want to create and manage data-driven applications. We hope that this comprehensive guide has helped you understand the step-by-step process to install MySQL Server on Ubuntu, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of MySQL and Ubuntu.

If you’re new to Ubuntu or MySQL, we encourage you to explore these technologies further and discover their many benefits. With the right tools and resources, you can create powerful and efficient applications that meet the needs of your users and customers.

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Closing

We hope that this article has provided you with valuable insights into how to install MySQL Server on Ubuntu. However, we cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the information contained herein. Therefore, we recommend that you double-check the information and consult with experts before taking any action based on this article.

Thank you for reading, and we wish you all the best in your MySQL Server and Ubuntu journey!

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